Islamic History

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Pre-Islam

Early Islam

Medieval Islam
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14 thoughts on “Islamic History

  1. Assalamo Alaikum, jazakaAllah for this, very useful. I have two questions which I’d appreciate your help on:
    1) Is there any literature on the Battle of the Camel to find out more about this Hadhrat Aisha (ra) fighting against Hadhrat Ali (ra)? “Further as a kind of contrast we may look at Hadhrat Aisha (ra) who fought against Hadhrat Ali (ra) at the Battle of the Camel (so named as she (ra) rode a camel in the battle),we do not stop saying “May God be pleased with her” however we consider her to be one of the most important figures in Islam especially when it comes to the origin of AHadith.”

    2) Based on Imam Rashid Sahib’s reply, would it then be incorrect to say (ra) after the name of a Sahaba?

    JazakaAllah.

  2. I watched this, it cleared up a lot for myself:

    It’s a 3part discussion on Muharram with Hadhrat Khalifat-ul-Masih IV (ru) during one of the Arabic Mulaqa’at.

  3. Recently at our Regional Office bearers forum we had the blessing of having Imam Ataul Mujeeb Rashid Sahib answering various questions.
    I am someone who has a number of Shiite friends who heightened their discontent about the fact that we do not consider Hadhrat Imam Hasan (ra) to be a Khalifa-e-Rashid during the month of Muharram.
    So I posed the following questions to Imam Sahib.
    What is the status of Hadhrat Imam Hasan (ra)?
    Why do we not consider Hadhrat Imam Hasan (ra) to be a Khalifa-e-Rashid after he had been accepted by a number of followers? And according to history was a leader for roughly 6months?
    Why do we say “adi Allahu ‘anhu” after the name of Amir Mu’awiyah despite the fact that the clear treaty between him (ra) and Hadhrat Imam Hasan (ra) was broken by him? (those who are familiar with early Islamic leadership will know these..sadly I can No longer find them. Yet 2 were that Hadhrat Ali ibn AbuTalib (ra) shall No longer be openly cursed and that if he (Hasan (ra)) is alive after Amir Mu’awiyah (ra)’s death leadership be returned to him or given to Hadhrat Imam Hussein (ra). We know from history that the last was not fulfilled due to the tragic incident of Karbala)
    Now Imam Sahib (may Allah give him further strength to answer the questions of young students of knowledge like myself!) Replied to these in the following terms (As far as my memory aids me):
    Answer number 1:
    The status of Hadhrat Imam Hasan (ra) is that of 1) A Companion, 2) of the beloved Grandson of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) 3) One who receives visions and revelations from Allah almighty (As described by the promised Messiah (As) himself).
    Answer 2:
    He is not considered a Khalifa-e-rashid because the Holy Prophet (saw) prophesied the rightly guided khilafat to last for 30years after which it will ascend to heaven followed by tyranny (i believe a large number of people are aware of this Hadith Sharif) and by the time of the death of Hadhrat Ali (ra) 30 years were pretty much over. Further Ayat-e-istakhlaf (found in Sarah Nur) promises Khilafat only to those who do good works Obeying Allah and His Messenger (saw). We find that the state of the Muslims was No longer that of righteousness as desired for the formation of [true] Khilafat. Therefore we cannot consider him to be a Khalifa.

    Answer number3:
    Due to certain misunderstandings that existed we cannot judge a Sahaba Ikram, we must remember that the Quran tells us to say radi Allahu ‘anhum after Saying the name of a Sahaba. Therefore we leave this issue to Allah the Almighty and stay neutral in order not to suffer Allahs wrath by commiting a mistake. Further as a kind of contrast we may look at Hadhrat Aisha (ra) who fought against Hadhrat Ali (ra) at the Battle of the Camel (so named as she (ra) rode a camel in the battle),we do not stop saying “May God be pleased with her” however we consider her to be one of the most important figures in Islam especially when it comes to the origin of AHadith.

    Only Allah the most Wise knows best.

  4. Jazak’Allah khair. A Shia friend recently brought the al-islam site to my attention and it is a great resource. I am currently looking for literature published by sympathisers of Yazid, and more from Ahmadi sources. Unfortunately the advanced written Urdu of the learned Musleh-Maud (ra) is beyond my capacity.

  5. If you can read Urdu, a very enlightening exposition of what led to severe disturbances and discord in the early Ummah, including an analysis of the machinations of the hypocrites against Seyyiduna ‘Uthman (r.a.) and Seyyiduna ‘Ali (r.a.) leading to their assassination, can be found in the book written by Hadrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad (r.a.), “Islam mein Ikhtilaafaat ka Aaghaaz” (The beginning of discord in Islam):

    http://www.alislam.org/urdu/imika/imika.pdf

    If you would like to see a Shi’a perspective on events surrounding the actual martyrdom at Kerbala, I would suggest:

    http://www.al-islam.org/short/karbala.htm

    It is a matter of pure coincidence that alislam.org and al-islam.org have managed to find their way into the same comment :o)

  6. Would anyone be kind enough to share further literature on the time leading up to, and the time after the incident at Kerbala?

  7. In a recent sermon, Hadhrat Khalifat-ul-Masih V (atba) commented – if memory serves correctly; link not found – in favour of integration within society (employment etc) and admonished against living in seclusion (as in the case of monks). The gist I picked up was that we are meant to live in this world as tangible, useful individuals, whilst obviously never neglecting our main aim of attaining nearness to Allah.

    The author of The Ashab al-Suffah (linked above) mentions those who “… sacrificed all of the temptations of this world in search of a far greater reward in the Hereafter. – Of the companions who chose a life of asceticism were Abu Hurairah, Ka’ab ibn Malik al-Ansari, Hanzala ibn Amir al-Ansari, Harithah ibn al-Nu’man al-Ansari (most of these companions had houses in Medina but chose to live in the Suffah).”

    In his conclusion the author writes, “The ways and examples of the As’hab us-Suffah are as important today, if not more so, than during the days of the Holy Prophet (saw). Many living in today’s world may feel that the example set by the Holy Prophet (saw) and his As’hab us-Suffaa is
    beyond them, however, never has it been more necessary for us to inculcate the spirit of their example into our lives than today.”

    I wanted to invite discussion in to ways a Momin today can aspire to attain nearness to Allah. Some of the great Momins in the era of the Holy Prophet (saw) left their houses and endured great hunger in order to immerse themselves in a life of supplication. The Promised Messiah (as) has set a similar example. Where does that leave the ordinary man of today who wants to get close (closest!) to his Creator?

  8. Pingback: Useful Resources | Demystifying the Cult

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