The Etiquettes of Muhammad (saw)

Mercy for animals

Fear God: Hadhrat Sahl (ra) relates: “The Holy Prophet saw passed by a camel who was so thin that there was very little distance between his belly and back. On seeing this the Holy Prophet saw said “Fear God in regard to these animals who cannot speak. Ride them only when they are healthy and eat of their meat when they are healthy. (Sunan Abu Dawud)

Be gentle: Hadhrat Aisha (ra) relates that one day I rode a camel which was rebellious and being a nuisance. The Holy Prophet (saw) saw this and said “Be gentle.” (Sahih Muslim)

Return the offspring: Abdullah (ra) who was a companion of the Holy Prophet (saw) relates: “We were traveling with the Holy Prophet saw in a journey when we saw a sparrow which had two baby sparrows with it. We picked up the baby sparrows and the mother started flying around us. The Holy Prophet (saw) saw this and said “Who has given this sparrow pain due to its children. Return its children to it.” (Sunan Abu Dawud)

Keeping non believers as guests in the mosque of the Holy Prophet (saw): There was a time when the Holy Prophet (saw) went to Taif for preaching and was pelted with stones till his blood reached his shoes. Then a time came when Taif was awed by the strength of the Muslims. Due to this a delegation came to see the Holy Prophet (saw) . The leader of this delegation was Abd Ya Lail. This was the same Abd Ya Lail who was at the forefront of those who were persecuting him when the Holy Prophet (saw) entered Taif. The Holy Prophet saw gave this idol worshiper a stay as a guest in this Holy Mosque. Not only that, but he allowed those who were of Abd Ya Lail’s party to pitch tents there. These people were allowed to stay there without any hesitation and they were well cared for during their stay.

When the Holy Prophet (saw) had tents put up for Abd Ya Lail’s party, the Companions said: “These are filthy idol worshipers and it is not appropriate for them to stay in the mosque. The Holy Prophet (saw) replied that the verse of the Holy Qur’an dealing with this speaks of the greatness of hearts and does not refer to the outer filth of bodies. No human is filthy in this manner as all humans are pure and can go to any Holy place.” (Ahkahm ul Quran, Vol. 3, pg 109)

Christians praying in the mosque of the Holy Prophet (saw)

When a delegation of Christians from Najran came to see the Holy Prophet (saw) he had them stay in the mosque of the Holy Prophet (saw). Not only this, but when it came time to pray, and the Christians wanted to pray, he (saw) let them pray inside the mosque. The Companions wanted to stop them, but he allowed them. (Asaba al-Nuzul, pg 53).

The unpleasant treatment by the Jews [of Medina) of Muslims and the founder of Islam was not hidden to anyone. The same Jews used to come to meet the Christians in the mosque of the Holy Prophet (saw) and sit with them for hours. There was no limitation on their coming and going to the mosque.

Ibn Ishaq (rh) relates that a group of Christians came to meet the Holy Prophet (saw) when he was sitting in the mosque after Asr Salat. The time for the Christian’s prayer started and they started to leave the mosque. The Holy Prophet (saw) told them to perform their prayers in the mosque. The Christians then turned to the East and performed their prayers.

Forgiveness toward his enemies

After suffering twenty three years of prosecution, the Holy prophet (saw) entered Makka as a conqueror. At the time, the Holy Prophet (saw) bowed his head so much to his Lord that his neck started touching his camel. Ibn Abbas (ra) relates that when the Holy Prophet (saw) conquered Makka he stood up at his pulpit and praised Allah. He then asked the people of Makka: “How do you think I am going to treat you today and how do you think I should treat you today?” They answered: ”We expect mercy from you and we say that you will (surely) be merciful. You are our beloved cousin and you have power and dominance.” On this the Holy Prophet (saw) said: “I will say the same thing to you that Yusuf said to his brothers: ‘No blame shall lie on you this day (12:93). There is no criticism of you today. You will not be made to give an explanation. (I have forgiven you). May Allah forgive you. He is the most merciful of those who forgive. (Tafsir Dar Mansur, Surah Al-Yusuf)

Taking part in difficult work

The Holy Prophet (saw) used to take great care of his fellow travelers and Companions. He would not give himself importance over them and would share hardship together with them. When the Holy Prophet (saw) left for Battle of Badr from Medina, there were very few animals to ride on. There were three men for each camel. The Holy Prophet (saw) was part of this and shared his camel with Hadhrat Ali (ra) and Hadhrat Abu Lababa (ra). They all took turns to ride. When it came time for the Holy Prophet (saw) to get off the camel, both his companions would say: “O Holy Prophet saw. You should keep riding and we will walk”. However he would say: ”Both of you do not have the ability to walk more than me. Neither am I less needy of spiritual reward than both of you.” (Musnad Imam Ahmad)

Never Told Me Off

Hadhrat Anas (ra) relates that: ”I spent ten years serving the Holy Prophet (saw). When I first started serving the Holy Prophet (saw) I was a child. I did not always do things in the way that the Holy Prophet (saw) wanted. However, the Holy Prophet (saw) never told me off. He never said: “Why have you done this ?” and “Why have you not done this?”.

Hadhrat Anas (ra) relates the Holy Prophet (saw) was: ”…better mannered than all other human beings. One day the Holy Prophet (saw) asked me to go do something and I answered “I swear by God I will not go” even though in my heart I thought I would go and do the task the Holy Prophet (saw) asked me to do. I left the house (and started walking toward doing the task that the Holy Prophet (saw) asked me to do). However on the way I saw some children playing in the street and started playing with them.

Suddenly the Holy Prophet (saw) came, tapped me and I looked behind to see him (saw)(saw) smiling at me. The Holy Prophet (saw) said, using my name with affection: “Go for the task that I sent you for.” I answered “ Yes. I will go for it Hudhoor.” ( Sunan Abu Dawud)

Hadhrat Sahal bin Hanif (ra) relates: “The Holy Prophet (saw) often went to visit the poor when they were ill. He used to take care of them. Once when a poor woman became ill, the Holy Prophet (saw) used to visit her. When she passed away the Companions decided not to trouble the Holy Prophet (saw) and performed her funeral prayer and buried her. In the morning the Holy Prophet (saw) found out, he was unhappy and went to her grave and performed the funeral prayer.” (Muwatta of Imam Malik)

Abdullah Ibn Abi Salool was the leader of the hypocrites and held a deep seated enemity with the Holy Prophet (saw). However [despite this], when he was ill the Holy Prophet (saw) went to visit him. (Sanan Abu Dawud)


Translated from the original Urdu by Mahmood Ahmad

(In light of these beautiful narrations, please proceed into the New Year reciting the blessed ”Durud”)


14 thoughts on “The Etiquettes of Muhammad (saw)

  1. Sayyidina Hashir (sws) – The Gatherer (pbuh)
    Sayyidina ‘Aqib (sws) – The Last in Succession (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Taha (sws) – TaHa (a chapter in the Holy Koran) (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Yasin (sws) – YaSeen (a chapter in the Holy Koran) (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Tahir (sws) – The Pure (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Mutahhar (sws) – The Purifier (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Tayyab (sws) – The Good (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Sayyid (sws) – The Master (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Rasul (sws) – The Messenger (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Nabi (sws) – The Prophet (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Rasulur Rahmah (sws) – The Messenger of Mercy (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Qayyim (sws) – The Straight and Timeless (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Jami‘(sws) – The Collector (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Sayyidul Kawnayn (sws) – Master of Two Universes (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Aynun Na‘im (sws) – Spring of Bliss (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Aynul Girr (sws) – Spring of Beauty (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Siraj (sws) – The Lamp (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Misbah (sws) – The Lantern (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Hudan (sws) – The Guidance (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Mahdi (sws) – The Rightly Guided One (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Munir (sws) – The Illuminated (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Karim (sws) – The Noble (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Al-Muhajjilin (sws) – The Brightly Shining
    Sayyidina Qa’adil Girrul Muhajjalin (sws) – The Guide of Those Who Shine Brightly (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Muqaddas (sws) – The Sacred (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Ruhul Quds (sws) – The Holy Spirit (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Sa’iq (sws) – The Driver (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Miftahul Jannat (sws) – The Key to the Garden (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Seyyidul Jannatayn (sws) – Master of Two Gardens (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Fasihul Lisan (sws) – The Eloquent Tongue (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Mutahharul Janan (sws) – The Purifier of the Soul (pbuh)

    Sayyidina Sayyidul Mursalin (sws) – The Master of the Messengers (pbuh)
    Sayyidina Khatamul Nabiyyeen (sws) – The Seal of the Prophets

    sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa ‘ala aalihi wa sallam – the blessings of Allah and peace be upon him and his family

  2. Here is a list of blessed names of the Prophet (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) taken from Imam al-Jazuli’s (rahmatAllāhu ‘alayh) book “Dalā’il al-Khayrāt” (Dalā’il al-Khayrāt wa Shawāriq al-Anwār fī Dhikr al-Salāt ‘Ala al-Nabi al-Mukhtār – Waymarks of Benefits and the Brilliant Burst of Sunshine in the Remembrance of Blessings on the Chosen Prophet), a book that was read by the Promised Messiah (‘alayhi al-salām) himself in his youth (along with a deep study of Sāhih al-Bukhāri and the Mathnavi of Mawlāna Rumi):

    Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala
    manismuhu Sayyidina Muhammad,
    sallallahu alayhi wa sallim

    O Allah, praise, sanctify and grant peace to
    one named Muhammad (the Praised), may the
    peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.

    Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala
    manismuhu Sayyidina Ahmad,
    sallallahu alayhi wa sallim

    O Allah, praise, sanctify and grant peace to
    one named Ahmad (the Most Praised), may
    the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.

    Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala
    manismuhu Sayyidina Hamid,
    sallallahu alayhi wa sallim

    O Allah, praise, sanctify and grant peace to
    one named Hamid (the Praiser), may the peace
    and blessings of Allah be upon him.

    Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala
    manismuhu Sayyidina Mahmud,
    sallallahu alayhi wa sallim

    O Allah, praise, sanctify and grant peace to
    one named Mahmud (the Most Highly
    Praised), may the peace and blessings of Allah
    be upon him.

    Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala
    manismuhu Sayyidina Ahyad,
    sallallahu alayhi wa sallim

    O Allah, praise, sanctify and grant peace to
    one named Ahyad (the name of the Prophet
    mentioned in the Torah), may the peace and
    blessings of Allah be upon him.

    Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala
    manismuhu Sayyidina Wahid,
    sallallahu alayhi wa sallim

    O Allah, praise, sanctify and grant peace to
    one named Wahid (Unique), may the peace
    and blessings of Allah be upon him.

    Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala
    manismuhu Sayyidina Mah,
    sallallahu alayhi wa sallim

    O Allah, praise, sanctify and grant peace to
    one named Mah (Effacer), may the peace and
    blessings of Allah be upon him.

  3. Seyyidina Muhammad al-Rasul Allah wa Khatam al-Nabiyyeen (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

    “He who sees my hilye (description) after me, it is as if he had actually seen me, and he who sees it out of love and desire for me, God will forbid the fire of Hell to touch him. He will be safe from the trials of the grave, and he will not be sent forth naked on the day of resurrection.” (Tirmidhi)

  4. At this point, al-Hasan said to Hind, “Describe to me the way he spoke.”

    Hind said,

    “The Prophet of God, peace and blessings be upon him, was continually full of concern. He was constantly deep in thought. He had no rest, and would not speak without a reason. He would be silent for long periods of time. He would begin conversations, and end them clearly and distinctly and would speak in a way that combined many meanings in few words. He spoke with excellence, and there was no excess in it, nor unnatural brevity.

    He was gentle by nature and not coarse, nor was he contemptuous of anyone. He would extol the favors he received, even when they were few and small. He never found fault with them. He never criticized the food or drink that was prepared for him, nor did he overly praise it. No one would stand against his anger when matters of the Lord’s truth were opposed, until he had triumphed, but he would never get angry for his own sake, nor would he ever seek to win such an argument. He would gesture with his whole palm, to point. When he was astonished, he would make his palm face upwards. He used his hands frequently as he spoke, and would strike his left palm with his right thumb. When he would get angry, he would turn away and avert his gaze, and when he was full of joy he would lower his eyes. Most of his laughing was as smiling; when he did laugh, it was not loud, and he would show his teeth a bit like they were hailstones.”

  5. al-Hasan, son of Imam ‘Ali (radiAllahu ‘anhum) said:

    “I asked my uncle Hind, son of Abu Hala about the hilye [description] of the Prophet of God, my peace and blessings be upon him. Hind was known to be a prolific describer of the Prophet, and I wished him to relate some of it for me so I might hold fast to it.”

    So Hind said:

    “The Prophet of God, peace be upon him, was of mighty significance to God, and profoundly honored among the people. His face radiated light like the moon on its fullest night. He was a bit taller than the medium stature and a bit shorter than the tall and skinny. His head was large. His hair was wavy. If his hair parted, he would leave it parted, if not he would leave it, and it would not be long enough to pass his earlobes. His complexion was fair. He had a wide forehead, arched, thick eyebrows with a space between them. There was a vein between them that would swell and pulse when he was angry. His nose was aquiline; it had a brightness about the upper part that led those who were less observant to think him haughty. He had a thick beard. His eyes were very black and the whites very white. His cheeks were not prominent, he had a wide mouth. His teeth were white and there was a space between his front teeth.

    “There was a fine line of hair on his chest, and it was as if it were an ivory statue with the purity of silver. His figure was well proportioned, full bodied and strong. There was no slackness in his musculature, his chest didn’t protrude over his belly, nor the reverse. His chest was broad and his shoulders wide and muscular. He had large limbs. The parts of his body that could be seen while he was clothed were luminous. His body from the neck to the navel was joined by hair which flowed down like a line. There was no hair on his nipples. His forearms, shoulders, and upper chest were hairy. The bones of his forearms were long. His palms were wide and generous. His hands and feet were thick. His limbs were long. He had long sinews. His insteps were high. His feet were smooth without protuberances and water would run off of them. When he would move off, he would move with determination. He would step surely and unhurriedly and not proudly. He walked gently and with dignity, and he would take wide steps when he wanted to walk quickly. When he walked, it was as if he were descending from a slope and when he would look at someone, he would turn to him fully. He would lower his gaze and look down more often than up. He didn’t stare. He would lead his companions by walking behind them out of modesty and would always be the first to greet them.”

  6. Hilal related to us, from ‘Ata Bin Yasar. He said:

    “I met ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-As, and I said, ‘Tell me about the description of the Prophet of God, peace be upon him.”

    He said, “Yes, certainly. By God, he was described in the Torah in some ways as in the Quran, ‘O Prophet, we have sent you as a witness, a bringer of good tidings, and a warner’ and as a protector of the weak. You are my servant and prophet. I have named you The One Who Relies.”

    “He was not crude, nor was he coarse, nor was he one to shout and make a lot of noise in the marketplace. He did not answer an evil deed with another, but he would pardon and forgive. He would not be taken by God until he had straightened out the crooked people, until they would confess there was no divinity but God, and open blind eyes and deaf ears and closed hearts. O God, grant mercy and peace to our master Muhammad and his family.”

  7. Transmitted from Imam ‘Ali, may God be pleased with him, who, when asked to
    describe the Prophet, peace be upon him, would say:

    He was not too tall nor too short. He was medium sized. His hair was not short and curly, nor was it lank, but in between. His face was not narrow, nor was it fully round, but there was a roundness to it. His skin was white. His pupils were black. He had long eyelashes. He was big-boned and had wide shoulders. He had no body hair except in the middle of his chest. He had thick hands and feet. When he walked, he walked inclined, as if descending a slope. When he looked at someone, he looked at them in full face.

    Between his shoulders was the seal of prophecy, the sign that he was the Seal of the Prophets. He was the most generous-hearted of men, the most truthful of them in speech, the most mild-tempered of them, and the noblest of them in lineage. Whoever saw him unexpectedly was in awe of him. And whoever associated with him familiarly, loved him. Anyone who would describe him would say, I never saw, before him or after him, the like of him. Peace be upon him.

  8. Can the world show one person who was the epitome of all the highest virtues of man including those of mercy, humanity, love, tenderness, affection, compassion, grace and forbearance. Great injustice has been committed when they world tries to wash-out the true colours of our holy master sallalaho alaihi wassalam.

  9. The love shown to mankind and to all of Gods Creation by the Holy Prophet (saw) brings you to tears . How far we need to travel to obtain this level of love and affection for all our brothers and enemies. What a simple solution the Holy Prophet (saw) had for such complex issues which today we seem to find so hard to deal with ? From these lovely articles we see that Love and Forgiveness and leaving things to the will of Allah should be our central core at all times. May Allah allow us all to gain this love in our hearts and allow us to show the world that Islam is peace and love for all of Gods Creation.

  10. Jazakallah

    Ms Maryam Namazie and Anne Marie Walters need to read this. True they fight against human injustices, but they should come to realize that the examples set by Muhammad (SA) far outdate modern Western principles.

  11. These beautiful accounts move a person to tears. May Allah bless Muhammad (sa) and the people of Muhammad (sa), just as He blessed Abraham (as) and the people of Abraham (as), insha’allah.

  12. Allahumma Salli 3ala Muhammadin wa 3alaa aalihi wa as-haabihi ajma3een. Innaka Hameedun Majeed.

    May Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta3ala be thanked an infinite number of times for having made us MUSLIMS and followers of the Leader and Seal of Prophets Muhammad, the Chosen one, may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, who suffered for us, prayed for us and worried himself sick for our well-being, and who was so spiritually powerful that he not only produced among his followers Khulafaa and Saints of a calibre equal to that of the Prophets of Israel but also produced a full reflection of himself for the rejuvenation of Islam in the Latter Days, the Promised Messiah and Imam Mahdi, on whom be peace.

    May Almighty Allah guide the world to Muhammad, the Innocent One, may peace and thousands of blessings be upon him, before the great destruction which is now fast approaching, and may all Ahmadi Muslims, the true followers of Muhammad (s.a.), be shepherded safely to their places of security. May we all be enabled to abandon the evils of the previous year, and to maintain and enhance our good deeds of the previous year while adopting new virtues. Ameen Allahumma Ameen.

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