The Holy Quran attests to the fact that the Holy Prophet (saw) was propheciesed in the Bible, in both, the Torah and Gospels. Rather than presenting dozens of prophecies in the books, some of which can be rather ambiguous, I have opted to choose just two, one from the Torah and the other from the gospel of John. I have put these prophecies to the test, i.e. discussing them with Christian preachers and have seen our interpretations to be quite robust. The first one, is from the fifth book of the Torah: Deut 18:18 – 20:
“I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brethren; and I will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him.
And whoever will not give heed to my words which he shall speak in my name, I myself will require it of him.
But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in my name which I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die.’
The following points can be derived from the above prophecy:
- That the Prophet was to be similar to Moses.
- He will be among the ‘brethren’ of the Israelites.
- God himself will speak words to that Prophet who will in turn relate them back to people.
- Whoever lies about receiving revelation from God, that person will die.
So who qualifies and satisfies the above criteria? Our Christian friends believe it is Jesus. However was Jesus a Prophet like Moses? According to all Christians, Jesus is unique, the divine son of God, sinless and perfect. How can anyone be similar to Jesus? He can be said to be among the brethren of the Israelites, but the third point about God putting words in his mouth and him relaying it to the people is not entirely suitable for the ‘son of God’, as the gospels contain few words from God the Father Himself. The Christian Jesus does however fulfill the final criteria; he was put to death! Therefore if the above is true, then (God forbid) Jesus was a liar and was punished for fabricating revelation. This point itself completely rules out the Christian Jesus being the Prophet.
On the other hand, another personality seems to fulfill the above very well. He is no doubt the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sw) of Islam. Analysing each point:
- (1) Both Prophets had normal births. Both had wives and children. Both had revelations which they wrote down. But had introduced a new Law in their teachings. Both became accepted Leaders of their respective tribes/people, and most importantly both are believed to be full human by all people and religions.
- (2) ‘Brethren’ in Hebrew this is אח (Ahgh) meaning: brother, born of same mother (& father). Also of half brother, (Gen 20:5). A. Relative (Gen 13:8). (The Brown Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, F.Brown, S.Driver, C.Briggs)
The word has been used many times in the OT, in Gen 20:5 regarding Abraham and his wife Sarah: “Did he not himself say to me, `She is my sister’? And she herself said, `He is my brother (Ahgh).’ In the integrity of my heart and the innocence of my hands I have done this.”
Gen 13:8 is: “Then Abram said to Lot, “Let there be no strife between you and me, and between your herdsmen and my herdsmen; for we are kinsmen (Ahgh)’”
The same word is used in Numbers 20:14 referring to the Edomites: Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, “Thus says your brother (Ahgh) Israel: You know all the adversity that has befallen us:” The Edomites were descendants of Esau, the twin brother of Israel (Gen 36:43). Thus they were not Jews, nor Israelites. We also have Deut 23:7 where God commands the Israelites: “You shall not abhor an Edomite, for he is your brother (Ahgh); you shall not abhor an Egyptian, because you were a sojourner in his land.”
So from a Lexical point of view, ‘brethren’ has a much broader meaning than ‘an Israelite’. It would encompass the Edomites, and the half brothers of he Israelites; and definitely the Ishmaelites; from whom the Holy Prophet of Islam was descended.
- (3) The Holy Prophet claimed to have received direct revelation from God. And this is what comprises the Holy Quran.
- (4) The Prophet of Islam was protected from being killed by anyone. He died a natural death at the age of 62 in Medina. Thus if (God forbid) he was a liar, God would have had him put to death as verse 20 mentions. But he proved to be a true Prophet of God.
So with all the facts laid out, it is clear who the Promised ‘Prophet like Moses’ was. It was not Jesus, but the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad (saw).
The other Prophecy which is worth analyzing is from the fourth Gospel, that of John. Jesus speaks of the coming of the Paraclete; translated as ‘Comforter’.
There has been much debate over what or who the Paraclete is. To the Christians, it is the Holy Spirit, while to the Muslims, it is the Prophet of Islam. If we examine the role of the Paraclete, we’ll see 6 distinct roles he will do:
- He will dwell with the people and in the people forever. (John 14:17)
- Jesus must go away, for if he does not go away the Paraclete will not come. (John 16:7)
- He will convince the world concerning sin and righteousness. (John 16:8)
- He will guide the people to all truth, truth which even Jesus was unable to preach to the people. (John 16:13)
- He will not speak on his own authority, but what he hears he will speak. (John 16:13)
- He will glorify Jesus. (John 16:14)
Examining each point:
1. It is true that the Holy Spirit does abide with the people and in the people forever. Jesus speaks about his followers abiding in him and he abiding in them. (John 15:4), this of course is not to be taken literally, but symbolically. Likewise do Muslims claim that the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad (sw) also lives with and in them, his legend lives on, and he is remembered by billions of people to this day.
2. Does this mean that the Paraclete is not present when Jesus is present? If this is the Holy Spirit, this is confusing. As mention of the Holy Spirit is made before Jesus’ birth, when his aunt Elizabeth is filled with the Holy Spirit. (Luke1:41) Her husband, the Prophet Zechariah is also filled with the Holy Spirit. (Luke 1:67) So the Holy Spirit existed before Jesus was even born. Did it exist while Jesus was in the earth? The Holy Spirit is said to have descended on Jesus in the form of a dove! (Luke 3:22) but above Jesus states that the Paraclete cannot come until he goes. Did the Paraclete depart from Jesus? Did the Prophet of Islam arrive when Jesus was still present? No.
3/4. If the Holy Spirit was to convince the world of sin and righteousness, what was Jesus doing? Was he not explaining what sin and righteousness was?
The Paraclete would teach all about sin and righteousness, something Jesus was unable to do. This what the Holy Prophet did, as he brought forward a complete and perfect teaching.
5. Is the Holy Spirit below God? Does it speak what it hears? The Holy Spirit is seem to be the third entity of the Trinity, if the Holy Spirit does not speak on its own authority, then it is subordinate to God and therefore makes little sense for it to be part of the Trinity.
However, the Prophet of Islam is subordinate to God, and he is said to have received direct revelation from God, and recorded it in the Quran, word for word. This is what Jesus is talking about when the Paraclete will not speak of himself, but only what he hears.
6. The Paraclete will glorify Jesus. The Holy Quran clear Jesus of the many charges raised against him: “And for their (Jews) saying, `We did slay the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah;’ whereas they slew him not, nor did they bring about his death upon the cross, but he was made to appear to them like one crucified; and those who differ therein are certainly in a state of doubt about it; they have no certain knowledge thereof…” (4:158)
“When the angels said, `O Mary, Allah gives thee glad tidings of a son through a word from HIM; his name shall be the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, honoured in this world and in the next, and of those who are granted nearness to God;” (4:46)
Furthermore, Jesus also states in John 14:16 that he will pray to God to give the peopleanother Paraclete, if the Paraclete is the Holy Spirit, what sense that make for God to give the people another Holy Spirit? How many are there? But of course, Jesus was talking about a Prophet, that he will pray to God to give the people another Prophet.We have another reference to a Paraclete, this time in the letter of 1John 2:1; “have an advocate (Paraclete) with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous;” Here, Jesus is called the Paraclete. So why does Jesus say above that he must leave for the Paraclete to arrive? When he himself is described as a Paraclete in the NT? It is clear that a Paraclete is a Prophet of God, Jesus is described as one, and he foretells the coming of anotherone, of another Prophet to come in the future. That being none other than the Holy Prophet of Islam who fulfills all the above points.
As mentioned above, there are numerous other prophecies in the Bible regarding the coming of the Holy Prophet, and people can present them in the comments if they wish.