Memories of Pakistan

Pakistan

Jawaharlal and Kamala Nehru on their wedding 

Subhas Chandra Bose with Mr. Jinnah
An ICS officer from Bengal , S. C. Bose (1897-1945) resigned from service and was twice elected president of the Congress but had to quit due to ideological differences with Gandhi and Nehru. He later became President of the Indian National Army during World War II. He travelled to Germany but disillusioned with Hitler, he moved to Japan and fought for the independence of India from British rule. Here he is seen in a meeting with Mr. Jinnah. Bose, commonly known as Netaji in India , is believed to have died in an air crash on 18 August, 1945, over Taiwan but his death is shrouded in mystery. He may have died as a Russian PoW in Siberia .

Mountbatten negotiating with the Founder. Due to the text below this photograph, the book “Freedom At Midnight” is technically ‘banned’ in Pakistan ever since its publication more than 30 years ago. They titled the picture ” Pakistans ‘ improbable prophet.”

The Founding Fathers attend the Round Table Conference, 1930. Mr Jinnah is second from right in the front row and Sir Zafrullah Khan is second from the left. The Ali brothers are also there, while Begum Shahnawaz sits next to Sir Zafarullah Khan.

The 6/3 Plan – Nehru, Mountbatten and Jinnah. On 3 June, 1947, all the Indian leaders got together and put their seal on the Partition Plan. Seated by the map on the wall is Lord Ismay, Mountbattens’ Chief of Staff who probably tampered with the Radcliffe Award and gave Gurdaspur to India to keep the two new countries in a perpetual state of war over Kashmir till eternity!
For 3 days only Mountbatten, Ismay and Abel (Private Secretary to Viceroy) had access to the Radcliffe Award before it was announced amidst bloodshed on 15 August, 1947. Both Muslim members of the Punjab Boundary Commission, Justice Din Mohammed (later Governor of Sindh) and Justice Munir (later Chief Justice of Pakistan), denied that this was the award they had agreed to. When Sir Cyril Radcliffe was sent his cheque of 2,000 pounds as the fee for services rendered, he simply tore it up. Need more be said!.

A map of British Indian states

The map of Pakistan proposed by Chaudhry Rehmat Ali

What Mr. Jinnah actually got. He called it a ‘moth eaten’ Pakistan ,
but agreed to it

Karachi welcomes Mr. Jinnah in 1943. A plane monitors the situation on McLeod Road , Karachi

Mr Jinnah deliberating whether or not to pluck a rose. He had a dream – we all combined to mess it up

Mr Jinnah with a black Doberman and West Highland Terrier in Bombay during the forties

Mr Jinnahs’ first and last birthday in Pakistan – 25 December, 1947. Reading about the felicitations on his birthday in the ‘Dawn.’ The headline says ’71 today’ The main headline is a statement given by Sindh Prime Minister Khuhro and reads ‘Khuhro doesn’t want Hindus to leave Sind .’

Jinnah and Liaquat – Uneasy relations?

The Founder takes the salute, 14 August, 1947. His ADCs include Gul Hassan Khan later the last C-in-C of the Pakistan Army and Syed M. Ahsan C-in-C of the Pakistan Navy and Governor of East Pakistan
 
Diary of Quaid-e-Azam
  

Prince Karim Aga Khan disembarking from a PIA flight during the fifties

Two Sardars – Sherbaz Mazari with Akber Bugti, 1954

WHERE THE ROT STARTED:Justice Munir deals a death blow to Pakistan . When Governor General Ghulam Muhammed dismissed the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan in 1954, the Sindh Chief Court declared his action ultra vires of the constitution. However under a lure of Deputy governor General ship offered to Justice Munir he validated the order under the Doctrine of Necessity and dealt a death blow to the judiciary. Subsequently sodomy cases were filed against the honourable judges of the Sindh Chief Court , who ruled against the Governor General

Comrades in Arms – Four Future Air Force Chiefs in the Royal Air Force. Seen in the picture are Air Chief Marshal Mehra Indian CAS from 1973 to 1976, Air Marshal Asghar Khan, Air Marshal Nur Khan and Air Marshal Zafar Chaudhry. While Asghar Khan opted for politics after retirement and never cared for power, Nur Khan was Deputy CMLA, Minister for all the Social Sectors and Governor of West Pakistan. Like Asghar Khan and Nur Khan, Zafar Chaudhry also headed the PIA before heading the PAF

Three trusted comrades of Ayub Khan. Air Marshal Nur Khan, Gen Musa and Vice Admiral A R Khan headed the three services during most of Ayubs’ rule.

A young Air Marshal Nur Khan

Gen Ayub Khan – Prime Minister for 13 hours. Gen Ayub Khan was appointed Chief Martial Law Administrator on 7 October, 1958. 20 days later President Iskander Mirza appointed him as Prime Minister and he is seen presiding over a Cabinet meeting. 13 hours after his appointment, Mirza was deposed and Ayub Khan became the second President of the country. To his left civilian Deputy CMLA Mr Aziz Ahmed fixes his knot while Generals Azam, Burki and Sheikh, Manzur Qadir and 29-year old Z A Bhutto look on.

Ayub Khan signing the Tashkent Agreement in 1966. Commerce Minister Ghulam Faruque, Foreign Minister Z A Bhutto and Foreign Secretary Aziz Ahmed look on. Prime Minister Shastri died the same night of a heart attack. A member of Pakistan entourage woke up the Foreign Minister and told him on the telephone, ‘The bastard is dead’. Still in his sleep Bhutto asked ‘Which one?’

Ayub Khans’ dejection may be seen more in his slumped posture, because his dark glasses hide much of what he may have been feeling. ZAB’s carefully orchestrated aloofness, his sullen detachment from the “peace-making” charade, and his pensive ‘head-down’ posture, were meticulously executed by him with his eye on the launch of his leadership role in the near future.

Third President of Pakistan 1969-1971. Deposed and placed under house arrest

President Yahya Khan arrives in Moenjodaro Airport in January 1971. Mr Bhutto received him

Sir Abdullah Haroon with his daughter Doulat Haroon

Friends turned Foes – Sherbaz Mazari with Z A Bhutto in 1959

Z A Bhutto with Indira Gandhi in the lush lawns of Simla 1972 negotiations
Proposed American Neoconservative Redrawn Map of Pakistan (before and after)


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One thought on “Memories of Pakistan

  1. What a rare collection of pictures with a well researched captioning. More beautiful this article may become if further description about the events and relevance of the pictures can be given. What is the source of the pictures, any book or website?

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