A post aimed at Jamia Ahmadiyya students, written by the blog user ”Farhan,” was published on the ”The Cult Blog” on 10/4/2011 . I came across the below two responses, both attributed to Jamia Ahmadiyya students, on the ”Rah-e-Huda Forum:”
In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful
To Jamia Students: Independent Authority – ‘A Response’
By A Student of Jamia Ahmadiyya UK
I came across an article posted on a website, written by someone who has posed to have great sympathy for the students of Jamia Ahmadiyya. In actuality he has addressed Jamia students throughout the world. In this article, he has made a sympathetic appeal to Jamia students to follow the exemplary model of Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) in establishing and upholding the values of intellectual freedom from the system of Khilafat. I would like not to doubt the intentions behind this appeal. In any case, however, the fact of the matter is that the theological and historical understanding upon which this appeal has been made is seriously flawed. I would like to draw the attention of the writer to a few basic concepts.
Firstly, he has mentioned that during the Umaiyyad Khilafat, Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) refused to be sold to ‘Abdul Malik ibn Marwan. The Ummaiyyad Khalifah wished to influence the decisions of the Imam, and therefore, he would bribe the respected Imam with many gifts. However, Imam Abu Hanifah always brought himself above and beyond this. He never allowed for his theological thought to be tainted by the blemish of a conflict of interest. The reason for this was because Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) did not want ‘Abdul Malik to issue any un-Islamic verdicts through him.
The writer then goes on to state that what will happen to the students of Jamia Ahmadiyya when we come into a position of authority and the Khalifah of the time issues a statement or verdict which we find ourselves at odds with? Surely, it would be a grave sin for us not speak out against such an un-Islamic order? The writer’s innocence is noteworthy indeed.
Firstly and foremost, it must be understood that the Umaiyyad and Abbasid Khilafat were not divinely appointed institutions of leadership, as was the Khilafatur-Rashidin. The Umaiyyad and Abbasid Khulafa’, which in accordance to the prophecy of our Beloved Master, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sa), were political systems of leadership which came into existence after the system of Khilafatun ala minhajin-nubuwwah (i.e., Khilafat on the precepts of prophethood) came to an end. This is not to say that all of the Khulafa’ among the Umaiyyad and Abbasid leadership were unrighteous. Indeed there were righteous leaders among them, but the system itself was not divine. Therefore, if Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) chose to separate himself from the unreligious practices of ‘Abdul Malik, he did the right thing. However, if Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) had lived in the time of the four Khulafa’-ur-Rashidin, considering his righteousness, he would never have acted or issued a verdict in contradiction with the instructions of the Khalifatur-Rashid. Therefore, we must differentiate between the divinely appointed Khilafat ‘ala minhajin-nubuwwah and the Umaiyyad and Abbasid Khilafats (which as I have already mentioned, were not divinely appointed).
In addition to that, a Khalifah which is divinely appointed by Allah is instructed by the Holy Qur’an to consult with the believers and make use of a system of Mushawirat (i.e., consultation). In this system of Mushawirat, the believers have an opportunity to voice their opinions, thoughts, and ideas before the Khalifah with respect and humility, when they are asked. If the Khalifah choses to accept a proposal or idea presented by a believer, then well and good. However, a divinely appointed Khalifah is not obliged to accept every suggestion which is put to him. The final verdict lies in the hands of the Khalifah, and Islam instructs that all the believers are then expected to bow their heads in obedience to the Khalifah. It is to this very concept that the words ‘Fa idha ‘azamta fatawakkal alallah’ allude to in the famous verse which relates to Mushawirat.
If every Tom, Dick and Harry had the right to stand up and promote concepts, ideas and verdicts, which were not in accordance with the will of the Khalifah (a divinely appointed Khalifah of course), then this would defeat the purpose of Khilafat all together. This is why the Holy Prophet (sa) has said, Al-imamu junnatun, i.e., the Imam is a shield. A person who does not remain behind his shield risks severe injury and harm. The divinely appointed Khalifah is to be followed in his every word and in his every desire. Only when the believers give the divinely appointed Khalifah their complete submission and obedience, can the unity of the believers be preserved.
The article also addresses another issue as well. The writer asked Jamia students what they would do if an un-Islamic judgement was made by the Ahmadiyyah Khilafat. Once again, an Umaiyyad or Abbasid Khalifah could perhaps give an un-Islamic order, but a divinely appointed Khalifah can never issue forth an un-Islamic verdict, because Allah Himself appoints that Khalifah. If we look at the time of the Khulafa’-ur-Rashidin, we shall see that they never deviated from the right path. Similarly, the 100 year history of the Ahmadiyyah Khilafat is also a shining testimony to the fact that never once in the history of this divinely appointed system of Khilafat has the Khalifah of the time issued forth an un-Islamic verdict. The reason for this is simple – The Ahmadiyya Khilafat is in fact, a continuation of the Khilafatur-Rashidah. The Holy Prophet (sa) prophesied that in the latter days, after the advent of the Promised Messiah (as) divinely appointed Khilafat would be established on the precepts of prophethood. By the grace of Allah, Ahmadi Muslims are witnessing the fulfillment of this prophecy in all its luster and grandeur in the system of Khilafat-e-Ahmadiyyah.
The writer also mentioned that he is in contact with three Jamia students from Canada who left Jamia. One became a “Muslim”, one became an atheist and one was demoted to a position with no hope of growth. I am quite acquainted with the students of Jamia Canada, as I spent 5 years among them. I am very curious to know who these poor souls are – if in fact, there are any of course.
Therefore, in summary, Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) did the right thing during his time. However, we must differentiate between divinely appointed Khilafat and the Khilafatul-Mulukiyyah. Khilafat-e-Rashidah is divinely appointed while Khilafat-e-Mulukiyyah is not. Furthermore, divinely appointed Khilafat never issues forth un-Islamic verdicts or statements. Therefore, as I mentioned earlier, if Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) had lived in the time of a Khalifatur-Rashid, there would have been no issue of a conflict of interest, because the Khilafah would never have asked Hadhrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) to do anything un-Islamic. Indeed, we would have seen the revered Imam bow his head in submission to the Khalifah and accept his every word.
I would also like to take this opportunity to disclose the level of the writer’s historical knowledge as well. It is actually quite humorous that he has written in his article that the Umaiyyad Khalifah, ‘Abdul Malik ibn Marwan offered gifts to Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) to control his verdicts, and wished to offer him a position as judge, etc. Lets put things into perspective for the writer. ‘Abdul Malik ibn Marwan’s time was from 647-705 and the life of Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) was from 699-767. Even if ‘Abdul Malik ibn Marwan was to offer the Imam a position on the last day of his life, Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) would not have been older than about 6 years. Perhaps the writer had another Umaiyyad Khalifah in mind. But before he ventures out to “save” the world from the Ahmadiyya Khilafat, he really should brush up on his history. If his theological understanding is equivalent to his level of historical knowledge, then may Allah protect us all.
There is one last message which I would like to convey to the writer of this article addressed to Jamia students in this regard. It seems as if he has fallen into a fallacy. He thinks that his sympathetic appeal would influence Jamia Students to separate themselves from Khilafat and promote their own intellectual thought. Let him pay heed to this crystal clear message which I convey to him him on behalf of Jamia Students throughout the world. Ahmadi Muslims are very grateful to Allah for blessing us with the divine system of Khilafat. Our men, our women, even our children are ready to stand by the Khalifah in order to guard this sacred institution until our last breath. Therefore, when even an Ahmadi child is prepared to offer any sacrifice for guarding the institution of Khilafat, what makes you think even for a moments time that we, who are the students of Jamia Ahmadiyya, and have devoted our lives for the service of faith; and we who are to become the future leaders of tomorrow, and the representatives of the Khalifah would ever speak out against him. If he thinks that students of Jamia Ahmadiyya are so weak as to step ahead of this divinely appointed shield of protection, then he is wrong – he is very wrong. He is absolutely oblivious of the regard, respect and love we possess for our beloved Imam Hadrat Khalifatul-Masih.
Indeed, the writer of this article, and in essence, all of the enemies of Ahmadiyyat, shall always find Jamia students ready to sacrifice their lives, their families and all of their desires at the behest of our Beloved Imam. He shall always find students of Jamia Ahmadiyyah ready to guard the Khalifah – at his front and at his back; at his left and at his right. And not a single attack upon the system of this divinely appointed Khilafat by its enemies would not confront us first. Our unflinching hands shall always remain fixed in position to protect the blessed countenance of the Khalifah like the hand of Hadrat Abu Talhah in the battle of Uhud. Just as the Khalifatul-Masih is our shield and protector, the students of Jamia Ahmadiyyah were, are and shall always remain to be the protectors, guardians and custodians of this valuable shied, which has been entrusted to us by Allah, even if this demands our lives. Insha’Allahu-Ta‘ala!
Response to The Open Letter to Jamia Students
(By Another Student of Jamia Ahmadiyya, UK)
A few days ago I read a message by someone which was addressed to the students of Jamia Ahmadiyya. This message is based on Hadhrat Imam Abu Hanifah’s (rh) response to a Khalifah of his time. According to the writer Hadhrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) showed courage against the Umayyad Khulafa. He especially mentioned Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan and stated that he sent gifts to the Imam and offered him a post of chief judge. This offer was declined by Hadhrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh). As a result he was punished, imprisoned and starved by the Khalifah. By using this example the writer has advised us, the students of Jamia Ahmadiyya, to question the authority of Khilafat. Below is my reply to his “advice”.
By the grace and mercy of Allah I am a student of Jamia Ahmadiyya and I have thoroughly read his message. The note tells me a few things about him. First of all he does not have a clue about the blessed system of Khilafat in Islam and Ahmadiyyat. Secondly, he does not have a clue about the system of this blessed Jama’at. Thirdly, he does not have a clue about the history from which he is giving examples to promote his vested ideas of rebellion against the sacred institution of Khilafat.
After the sad demise of the Holy Prophet (saw) Khilafat-e-Rashidah was established as promised by Allah the Almighty in Surah Al-Noor verse 56. According to the prophecies of the Holy Prophet (saw) this Khilafat remained established in Islam for around 30 years. After this corrupt/erosive monarchy came into being and when that finished tyrannical kingship took its place. However, there was a prophecy that Khilafat on the precepts of prophet hood will be established once again (Musnad Ahmad, Mishkaat). By the grace and mercy of Allah it is that Khilafat in whose time we have opened our eyes. It is the re-established Khilafat-e-Rashidah. The Khalifah is elected by the representatives of Jama’at but we clearly see the hand of Allah working behind his election as its establishment was His own promise. So he is advising us to object to the authority of a Rightly Guided Khalifah. Does he really think that Hadhrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) would have said “no” to any of the Khulafa-e-Rashideen (ra) if they had offered him the post of chief judge? Does he really believe that he would have gone against the Khulafa who were supported and guided by Allah Himself? If he had a thousand lives he would have felt honoured to sacrifice each and every one of them protecting the Khulafa-e-Rashideen (ra) and the institution of Khilafat.
His lack of understanding of the system of Jama’at Ahmadiyya is also evident from his message. The scholars of the Jama’at do give their independent opinions whenever they are asked. They give their opinions on the basis of what they think is right according to their God given understanding. Once their opinions are forwarded the Khalifah can accept them or reject them whatever he feels suitable according to the teachings of Islam. It has never happened in the past 103 years of Khilafat-e-Ahmadiyy that the Khalifah ever gave an instruction which was un-Islamic. When the decision is taken by the Khalifah those scholars who might have given a totally different opinion in the start obey it from the bottom of their hearts. This is the obedience which Islam has taught. The history proves that when people stopped giving the respects due to the office of the Khalifah, this blessed institution of Khilafat was taken away from them. This resulted in disastrous events which stained the history of Islam and even today when we read about it our hearts sink and our eyes get filled with tears. So for him this should be enough that we will give our opinions whenever we are asked independently as our predecessors have been doing but once a decision is taken by the Khalifah he will see us right behind him as obedient servants even if our opinions were different.
His lack of knowledge about the history from which he is quoting examples is also evident and shows the standard of his opinion. Hadhrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) was never offered the post of chief judge by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. Infact, he was only 6 years old (according to the lunar years) when Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan passed away. Does he really want us to believe that Hadhrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) was only 5 or 6 when he was offered the post of chief judge? This clearly shows how knowledgeable he is in the history of Islam. It is not surprising that after this kind of knowledge he starts advising us to rebel against the blessed institution of Khilafat as he does not even know what Khilafat is. For his kind information it was Abu Ja’far Mansoor, the second Abbassid Khalifah, who offered him this post. Hadhrat Imam Abu Hanifah (rh) declined it because he knew that these are just kings who are using the title of Khalifah with their names. They are not divinely guided as the Khulafa-e-Rashideen (ra). As mentioned above, if he had been in the time of Khilafat-e-Rashidah his decisions would have been totally different. If this does not satisfy him, he should ask himself what he would have done if he were given this opportunity in the time of Khulafa-e-Rashideen (ra).
My advice to him is that he should not try to mix the Khilafat-e-Ahmaddiyya with Umayyad, Abbasid or Ottoman Khilafat. He should always remember that Khilafat-e-Ahmadiyya was established by Allah after the demise of His beloved Promised Messiah (as) according to His promise. Its establishment has fulfilled the prophecy of the Holy Prophet (saw). It is that divine key which will open all doors leading to the ultimate success of Islam. He should try to learn about the blessings of Khilafat and if nothing else satisfies him then he should ask the Lord of all the worlds with sincerity to guide him in the right direction.